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Translingual[edit]

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

Etymology[edit]

Pictogram (象形): an infant with an imperfect cranium (i.e. fontanelles). The here is a variant/corruption of .

Han character[edit]

(radical 10 +6, 8 strokes, cangjie input 竹X竹山 (HXHU), four-corner 77217, composition)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 125, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1365
  • Dae Jaweon: page 265, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 272, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+5152

See also[edit]


Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (兒), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 日 (38)
Final: 支
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 汝移切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵiᴇ/ /ȵʑie̯/ /ȵie/ /ȵiɛ/ /ȵiə̆/ /ȵʑǐe/ /ȵʑjɛ/
Character (兒), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 疑 (31)
Final: 齊
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 五稽切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋei/ /ŋiei/ /ŋei/ /ŋei/ /ŋɛj/ /ŋiei/ /ŋɛi/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
ér ‹ nye › /*ŋe/ child

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
2748 0 /*ŋeː/
2757 0 /*ŋje/

Noun[edit]

  1. child
    • 兒童 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad.]értóng [Pinyin] — child
  2. son

Usage notes[edit]

Not used as an individual character in modern Chinese.

Suffix[edit]

(r)

  1. non-syllabic diminutive suffix
  2. final retroflex syllable ("ér") added in Mandarin dialect ( see 兒化音 Erhua )

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. child
  2. young of animals

Readings[edit]

References[edit]

  • New Nelson: 357
  • Halpern: 2625
  • Halpern Learners: not listed
  • Heisig: not listed
  • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 4c3.3
  1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(a) (hangeul , revised a, McCune-Reischauer a)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nhi, nghê, nhẻ)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.