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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic  (person)

Originally a surname, then used as a simplified substitute for the homophonous character .

Han character[edit]

(radical 10 +8, 10 strokes, cangjie input 火月口竹山 (FBRHU), four-corner 90216)

  1. political party, gang, faction

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 125, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1381
  • Dae Jaweon: page 265, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 273, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+515A

Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (黨), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 端 (5)
Final: 唐
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 多朗切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/tɑŋX/ /tɑŋX/ /tɑŋX/ /tɑŋX/ /taŋX/ /tɑŋX/ /tɑŋX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
dǎng ‹ tangX › /*tˤaŋʔ/ 500 families; relatives

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11113 0 /*taːŋʔ/

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

Readings[edit]

Kanji in this term
とう
Grade: 6
on'yomi

Noun[edit]

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana とう, romaji )

  1. political party

(hiragana たむら, romaji tamura)

  1. Alternative form of

Suffix[edit]

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana とう, romaji -tō)

  1. political party

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(dang) (hangeul , revised dang, McCune-Reischauer tang)

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