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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
入-order.gif
Stroke order
入-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Old Chinese *njəp (Middle Chinese 入), *nəp (MC 入), *nəb (MC 去) (Li Fanggui (1971)). Cognate with Old Tibetan stem ནུབ (nub, to fall; west).[1]

入 入 入 入
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han character[edit]

(radical 11 +0, 2 strokes, cangjie input 人竹 (OH), four-corner 80000)

  1. KangXi radical

Usage notes[edit]

In print, 入 may have symmetric legs, and look like with a hook at top left. However in handwriting, to distinguish from 人, the left leg will be shorter, the shape looking like λ (lambda); in 人 the right leg is shorter.

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 125, character 32
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1415
  • Dae Jaweon: page 266, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 102, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5165
  1. ^ 《汉藏语同源词综探》,全广镇

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (入), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 日 (38)
Final: 緝
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 人執切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵiɪp̚/ /ȵʑi̯əp̚/ /ȵiəp̚/ /ȵip̚/ /ȵip̚/ /ȵʑĭĕp̚/ /ȵʑjep̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ nyip › /*n[u]p/ enter

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10885 3 /*njub/

Verb[edit]

  1. to enter, to go into
  2. to join, to become a member of
    加入 to join
  3. to confirm, to agree

Noun[edit]

  1. income
    收入 income; 岁入 annual income
  2. abreviation of 入声, the checked tone

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Counter[edit]

(hiragana しお, romaji -shio)

  1. (archaic) counter for soakings (of fabric in a dye)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ip)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: ip, McCune-Reischauer: ip)
  • Name (hangeul): ()
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nhập, nhạp, nhép, nhẹp)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]