八咫鏡

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Japanese[edit]

八咫鏡: Artist's impressions of the (unseen) Imperial Regalia of Japan, with Yata no Kagami on the upper right
Kanji in this term
Grade: 1 Hyōgaiji Grade: 4

Etymology[edit]

Phrase consisting of (ya, eight) +‎ (ata, an ancient unit of circumference) +‎ (no, possessive particle) +‎ (kagami, mirror).[1]

The name is a description of the mirror's size. A circle with a diameter of one (shaku, ancient foot, unit of length) would have a circumference of four (​ata). A circumference of eight ata would thus mean a mirror with a diameter of two shaku. The shaku at that time was roughly 23 centimeters, so the mirror would have been roughly 46 centimeters across.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

八咫鏡 (hiragana やたのかがみ, romaji Yata no Kagami)

  1. the Yata no Kagami or "Eight-hand Mirror", one of the three sacred treasures comprising the Imperial Regalia of Japan
    The ata of that time period was around 18 centimeters or 7.25 inches, so note that the hand in the English name is not the same as the four-inch unit of measurement.

Coordinate terms[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan