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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
公-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

公 公 公 公
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han character[edit]

(radical 12 +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 金戈 (CI), four-corner 80732, composition)

  1. fair, equitable
  2. public
  3. duke
  4. male (for animals, not humans)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 126, character 28
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1452
  • Dae Jaweon: page 277, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 242, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+516C

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Jyutping gung1, Yale gung1)


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

  • 公安 (こうあん, kōan)
  • 公演 (こうえん, kōen)
  • 公園 (こうえん, kōen)
  • 公開 (こうかい, kōkai)
  • 公共 (こうきょう, kōkyō)
  • 公私 (こうし, kōshi)
  • 公爵 (こうしゃく, kōshaku)
  • 公衆 (こうしゅう, kōshū)
  • 公認 (こうにん, kōnin)

Noun[edit]

(hiragana おおやけ, historical hiragana おほやけ, romaji ōyake)

  1. official, governmental

(hiragana こう, historical hiragana こう, romaji )

  1. prince, duke

Pronoun[edit]

(hiragana きみ, historical hiragana きみ, romaji kimi)

  1. Alternative form of .

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gong)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: gong, McCune-Reischauer: kong)
  • Name (hangeul): 공변될()

Mandarin[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Pinyin gōng (gong1), Wade-Giles kung1)

Compounds[edit]


Middle Chinese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(*gung)

Usage notes[edit]

For the meaning of male, "公" can be collocated with the names of animals, such as 公 (male) + 羊 (sheep) -> 公羊 (ram)


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(công)