Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意): Hand (as in ) holding two grain stalks

Han character[edit]

(radical 12 +8, 10 strokes, cangjie input 廿難金 (TXC), four-corner 80237)

  1. unite, combine
  2. connect
  3. and

Derived characters[edit]

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 128, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1483
  • Dae Jaweon: page 288, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 249, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+517C

Chinese[edit]

 
double; twice; simultaneous; holding two or more (official) posts at the same time
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (兼), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 添
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 古甜切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kem/ /kiem/ /kem/ /kem/ /kɛm/ /kiem/ /kɛm/
Character (兼), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 添
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 古念切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kemH/ /kiemH/ /kemH/ /kemH/ /kɛmH/ /kiemH/ /kɛmH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
jiān ‹ kem › /*[k]ˤem/ combine; at the same time

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6063 2 /*keːm/
6069 2 /*keːms/ 別分紀念切,集韻並

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

-- (-けん-, -ken-)

  1. -cum-, concurrently, in addition
    • 書斎応接間
      しょさいけんおうせつま
      shosai ken ōsetsuma
      study-cum-drawing room

    • 首相外相
      しゅしょうけんがいしょう
      shushō ken gaishō
      someone who holds the offices of both Prime Minister and Foriegn Minister

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana けん, romaji Ken)

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gyeom) (hangeul , revised kyeom, McCune-Reischauer kyŏm, Yale kyeom)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

It is interesting to note that the pronunciation of 겸 is similar to that of com, which is an English prefix meaning together, connected and united. This word also used as part of 겸손할 겸 (謙, qian in chinese or ken in japanese; meaning humility). It implies that humility is essential to unity and living together.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(kiêm, kem, kèm, cồm)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.