出る

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
kun'yomi

Etymology[edit]

From Old Japanese.

/idu/ > /du/ > /deru/

The initial i fell out, followed by a regular change from lower bigrade to lower monograde conjugation.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

出る (intransitive, ichidan conjugation, hiragana でる, romaji deru)

  1. to leave; to go out
     (そと) ()
    soto ni deru.
    I'll go outside.
     (たび) ()
    tabi ni deru.
    I'll go out on a trip.
  2. to come forth; to be or become apparent; to appear
     ()けが ()
    obake ga deta.
    A spirit appeared.
  3. to make an appearance; to appear
    • 2007, various contributors, 石川セリ (Ishikawa Seri), in Japanese Wikipedia, [1]
      もっとテレビに () (くだ)さい。
      motto terebi ni dete kudasai.
      Please make more TV appearances.
  4. (by extension from “to appear”) to answer (as in the phone or door)
    電話 (でんわ) ()
    denwa ni deru.
    I'll answer the phone.
     (わたし) ()
    watashi ga deru.
    I'll answer the door.

Conjugation[edit]

See also[edit]