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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
分-order.gif
Stroke order
分-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Pictogram (象形) To separate () with a knife ()

分 分 分 分
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han character[edit]

(radical 18 +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 金尸竹 (CSH), four-corner 80227, composition)

  1. to divide
  2. small unit of time etc.
  3. the number 1/10; 0.1

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 136, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1853
  • Dae Jaweon: page 304, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 321, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+5206

See also[edit]

  • Chinese Numeral

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (分), Pronunciation (1/2)

Initial: 幫 (1)
Final: 文
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 府文切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/pɨun/ /pi̯uən/ /piuən/ /piun/ /pun/ /pĭuən/ /piuən/
Character (分), Pronunciation (2/2)

Initial: 並 (3)
Final: 文
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 扶問切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/bɨunH/ /bʱi̯uənH/ /biuənH/ /biunH/ /bunH/ /bĭuənH/ /biuənH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
fēn ‹ pjun › /*pən {*pə[n]}/ divide
fèn ‹ bjunH › /*m-pən-s {*[m]-pə[n]-s}/ alloted duty
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
3148 1 /*pɯn/
3191 1 /*bɯns/

Verb[edit]

  1. to divide, to separate
  2. to distribute, to allocate
  3. to distinguish, to differentiate

Noun[edit]

  1. minute
  2. fraction
    分之
  3. (sport) point
  4. one tenth
  5. (unit of money) 0.01 (yuan)
  6. (Hong Kong) fan, a traditional unit of length, legally defined as 0.1 tsun () or 0.00371475 metres ()
  7. an ancient small unit of time
  8. abbreviation of 市分, a unit of lengh equivalent to 0.33 cm

Noun[edit]

  1. part, share
  2. ingredient, component

Compounds[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  • Terms marked with * are regular formations from nouns (e.g. 分校, 分行).
  • In the word 处分 (chǔfèn), this character is pronounced fèn (fen4).

See also[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ふん, romaji fun)

  1. a minute (unit of time)
  2. a minute (unit of angle)

(hiragana ぶん, romaji bun)

  1. part; share
    このケーキ
    kono kēki wa kimi no bun da yo.
    this piece of cake is yours. (your share; it implies there are other pieces of cake.)

(hiragana , romaji bu)

  1. an obsolete unit of currency equal to four (ryō)

Counter[edit]

(hiragana ふん, romaji -fun)

  1. minutes (duration)

Related terms[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(bun)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: bun, McCune-Reischauer: pun, Yale: pwun)
  • Name (hangeul): 나눌 (revised: nanul, McCune-Reischauer: nanul)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(phân, phận, phần)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.