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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  + : start making clothes (衣) by cutting (刀) the cloth.

Han character[edit]

(radical 18 +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 中尸竹 (LSH), four-corner 37220, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 137, character 33
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1911
  • Dae Jaweon: page 310, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 327, character 22
  • Unihan data for U+521D

Chinese[edit]

 
at first; (at the) beginning; first; junior; basic
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (初), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 初 (19)
Final: 魚
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 楚居切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ʃʰɨʌ/ /ʈ͡ʂʰi̯wo/ /t͡ʃʰiɔ/ /ʈ͡ʂʰiɔ/ /ʈ͡ʂʰɨə̆/ /t͡ʃʰĭo/ /t͡ʃʰiɔ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
chū ‹ tsrhjo › /*[ts]ʰra/ beginning

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1589 0 /*sʰra/

Definitions[edit]

  1. beginning, initial, primary

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. beginning, start, first

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
うい
Grade: 4
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese.

upi > uɸi > uwi > ui.

Noun[edit]

(hiragana うい, romaji ui, historical hiragana うひ)

  1. the first; a start

Prefix[edit]

(hiragana うい, romaji ui-, historical hiragana うひ)

  1. first

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
はつ
Grade: 4
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese.

patu > ɸatu > hatu

Noun[edit]

(hiragana はつ, romaji hatsu)

  1. the first; a start
  2. first sexual relations

Prefix[edit]

(hiragana はつ, romaji hatsu-)

  1. first

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 4
kun'yomi

From 始め (hajime, beginning, first).

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana はじめ, romaji Hajime)

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(cho) (hangeul , revised cho, McCune-Reischauer ch'o)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(sơn, thơ, xưa, )

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.