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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic  (knife)

Han character[edit]

(radical 18 +8, 10 strokes, cangjie input 月山中弓 (BULN), four-corner 72200, composition)

  1. hard, tough, rigid, strong

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 141, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2042
  • Dae Jaweon: page 320, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 344, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+525B

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(simplified , Jyutping gong1, Yale gong1)

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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Readings[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana たけし, romaji Takeshi)

  1. A male given name

(hiragana つよし, romaji Tsuyoshi)

  1. A male given name

(hiragana ごう, romaji )

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gang) (hangeul , revised gang, McCune-Reischauer kang)

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Mandarin[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(simplified , Pinyin gāng (gang1), Wade-Giles kang1)

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Adjective[edit]

(simplified, Pinyin gāng, simplified )

  1. firm; strong; hard

Adverb[edit]

(simplified, Pinyin gāng, simplified )

  1. just; exactly
    • 剛好 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad.]gānghǎo [Pinyin] — just, exactly
  2. only a short while ago, just
    • 剛才 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad.]gāngcái [Pinyin] — just now, a moment ago
    • 剛剛 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad.]gānggāng [Pinyin] — just now, only
    • 回來 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad.]
      gāng huílái. [Pinyin]
      He has just come back.
  3. barely, just
  4. as soon as; only at this moment
    • 做完工作 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad.]tā gāng zuòwán gōngzuò, líng jiù xiǎng le [Pinyin] — The moment he finished his work, bell rang.

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cương, cang)

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