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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic  (knife)

Han character[edit]

(radical 18 +8, 10 strokes, cangjie input 月山中弓 (BULN), four-corner 72200, composition)

  1. hard, tough, rigid, strong

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 141, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2042
  • Dae Jaweon: page 320, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 344, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+525B

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(simplified , Yale gong1)


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana たけし, romaji Takeshi)

  1. A male given name

(hiragana つよし, romaji Tsuyoshi)

  1. A male given name

(hiragana ごう, romaji )

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gang) (hangeul , revised gang, McCune-Reischauer kang)


Mandarin[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(simplified , Pinyin gāng (gang1), Wade-Giles kang1)

Adjective[edit]

(traditional, Pinyin gāng, simplified )

  1. firm; strong; hard

Adverb[edit]

(traditional, Pinyin gāng, simplified )

  1. just; exactly
    刚好
  2. only a short while ago, just
    回来。 tā gāng huílai
    He has just come back.
    刚才, 刚刚
  3. barely, just
    一个月1000元的工资,够他吃饭。 yīgè yuè 1000 yuán de gōngzī,gāng gòu tā chīfàn.
    He earn 1000 yuan a month, barely enough for food.
  4. only at this moment

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cương, cang)