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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
力-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Pictogram (象形) – an arm bending out from the side of the body.

力 力 力 力
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han character[edit]

(radical 19 +0, 2 strokes, cangjie input 大尸 (KS), four-corner 40027, composition𠃌丿)

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

  • (Japanese katakana)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 146, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2288
  • Dae Jaweon: page 327, character 31
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 364, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+529B

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (力), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 來 (37)
Final: 職
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 林直切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/lɨk̚/ /li̯ək̚/ /liək̚/ /lɨk̚/ /lik̚/ /lĭək̚/ /liek̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ lik › /*k.rək/ strength
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
7854 0 /*rɯɡ/

Noun[edit]

  1. force, strength, power
  2. power, energy
  3. ability
    • 他對古董很有鑑賞 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad.]
    • 他对古董很有鑑赏 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, simp.]
      Tā duì gǔdǒng hěn yǒu jiànshǎng . [Pinyin]
      He has an eye for antiques.
  4. (physics) force

Adjective[edit]

  1. strenuously
    努力 hard-working
Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. power, force, strength

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Compound of Old Japanese elements (chi, power, life force, essence) +‎ から (kara, from).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ちから, romaji chikara)

  1. strength, power, force
  2. ability, capacity
  3. effort
  4. (tarot): strength: the eleventh trump or major arcana card in most traditional Tarot decks
Derived terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana ちから, romaji Chikara)

  1. A male given name

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Chinese (lik). The goon reading, so likely the initial borrowing. Compare modern Cantonese (lik⁶).

Pronunciation[edit]

Affix[edit]

(hiragana りき, romaji riki)

  1. power, strength
     (りき) (がく) (りき) ()二馬 (にば) (りき)
    rikigaku, rikishi, nibariki
    power studies” (dynamics), “strength person” (sumo wrestler), two horsepower

Noun[edit]

(hiragana りき, romaji riki)

  1. physical strength
  2. (Buddhism) capability, especially mystical power
  3. (Buddhism) the suchness of ability, one of the Ten Suchnesses in Mahayana Buddhism
  4. short for 力者 (​rikisha): a strong person
  5. (archaic) short for 車力 (​shariki), 力車 (​rikisha): a rickshaw
  6. (archaic) a rickshaw operator's wages
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Middle Chinese , but apparently from a different source dialect or at a different time than (lik). The kan'on reading, so likely a later borrowing. Compare reconstructed Middle Chinese reading /li̯ək/.

Only found in compounds and idioms in modern Japanese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Affix[edit]

(hiragana りょく, romaji -ryoku)

  1. strength, power
     (りょく) (そう) (けん) (りょく)
    ryokusō, kenryoku
    “strength struggle” (a hard fight), “right power” (authority)
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Noun[edit]

(yeog, ryeog) (hangeul )

  1. strength, power

Hanja[edit]

(ryeok) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer ryŏk)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(lực)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.