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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 19 +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 土戈大尸 (GIKS), X土戈大尸 (XGIKS), four-corner 47720, composition)

  1. take by force, coerce
  2. disaster

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 146, character 30
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2316
  • Dae Jaweon: page 331, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 367, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+52AB

Chinese[edit]

plunder
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (劫), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 業
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 居怯切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɨɐp̚/ /ki̯ɐp̚/ /kiap̚/ /kiɐp̚/ /kɨap̚/ /kĭɐp̚/ /kiɐp̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
jié ‹ kjaep › /*k(r)ap/ rob

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6438 1 /*kab/ 荀子從刀,又譯kalpa
10694 1 /*kab/ 荀子從刀,又梵譯kalpa

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

Readings[edit]

Kanji in this term
こう
Jinmeiyō
on'yomi

Noun[edit]

(hiragana こう, romaji )

  1. (Buddhism) kalpa

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(geop) (hangeul , revised geop, McCune-Reischauer kŏp)

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