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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 21 +3, 5 strokes, cangjie input 中一心 (LMP), four-corner 11110)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 152, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2574
  • Dae Jaweon: page 342, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 262, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5317

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (北), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 幫 (1)
Final: 德
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 博墨切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/pək̚/ /pək̚/ /pək̚/ /pək̚/ /pək̚/ /pək̚/ /pək̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
běi ‹ pok › /*pˤəәk/ north

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
414 0 /*pɯːɡ/

Noun[edit]

  1. north, northern

Coordinate terms[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. north

Readings[edit]

Kanji in this term
きた
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

Noun[edit]

(hiragana きた, romaji kita)

  1. north

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana きた, romaji Kita)

  1. A surname​.

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(buk, bae)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): ,  (revised: buk, bae, McCune-Reischauer: puk, pae, Yale: puk, pay)
  • Name (hangeul): 북녘, 달아나다 (revised: bungnyeok, dalanada, McCune-Reischauer: pungnyŏk, talanada, Yale: puknyekh, tal.anata)
  1. the north, the northern part

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(bắc, bác, bấc, bậc, bước)

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