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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
十-order.gif
Stroke order
十-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

The idea of the strokes that make up 十 is one of compression into a single unit. Thus, 十 acquires the meaning of ten because it is a major unit used in counting.

十 十 十 十
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han character[edit]

(radical 24 +0, 2 strokes, cangjie input 十 (J), four-corner 40000)

  1. ten, tenth
  2. complete
  3. perfect
  4. KangXi radical

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 155, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2695
  • Dae Jaweon: page 348, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 58, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+5341

See also[edit]


Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Jyutping sap6, Yale sap6)


Hakka[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(POJ shi̍p, Guangdong ship8 [Meixian], s'ip8 [Hailu], Hagfa Pinyim sib6)

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Number[edit]

Japanese cardinal numbers
 <  9 10 11  > 
    Cardinal :

(じゅう, )

十 (とお, )
十 (, to)
  1. ten

Etymology 1[edit]

/so1/: [so].

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji so)

  1. ten; used in compounds
Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

/to2/: [tə] > [to].

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji to)

  1. ten

Etymology 3[edit]

/to2wo/: [təwo] > [towo] > [too] > [toː].

Noun[edit]

(hiragana とお, historical hiragana とを, romaji )

  1. ten

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]
Compounds[edit]

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(sip)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: sip, McCune-Reischauer: ship, Yale: sip)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: yeol, McCune-Reischauer: yŏl, Yale: yel)
  1. ( , yeol sip): ten, ten times.

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Mandarin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese *dzyip, from Old Chinese *gyip, from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *g-tsip (compare Classical Tibetan bchu)

Pronunciation[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Pinyin shí (shi2), Wade-Giles shih2)

Compounds[edit]

Numeral[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin shí)

  1. ten

Synonyms[edit]

  • Banker's numerals : ,

See also[edit]


Middle Chinese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(*zhip)


Min Nan[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(TLPA si̍p (sip8), tsa̍p (tsap8), Guangdong sip8, zap8)

References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

Readings[edit]

Number[edit]

  1. Han form of mười (ten)

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Wu[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Latin Alphabet: suoˇ

Zhuyin Fuhao: ㄙㄨㄛˇ