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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
十-order.gif
Stroke order
十-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

The idea of the strokes that make up 十 is one of compression into a single unit. Thus, 十 acquires the meaning of ten because it is a major unit used in counting.

十 十 十 十
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han character[edit]

(radical 24 +0, 2 strokes, cangjie input 十 (J), four-corner 40000, composition)

  1. KangXi radical

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 155, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2695
  • Dae Jaweon: page 348, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 58, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+5341

See also[edit]

  • (Chinese financial form):
  • (Powers of ten):

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Etymology[edit]

From Old Chinese *gjub, from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *gip (compare Classical Tibetan kyip)

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (十), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 常 (25)
Final: 緝
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 是執切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑiɪp̚/ /ʑi̯əp̚/ /ʑiəp̚/ /d͡ʑip̚/ /d͡ʑip̚/ /ʑĭĕp̚/ /d͡ʑjep̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shí ‹ dzyip › /*t.[g]əәp/ ten

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11452 3 /*ɡjub/

Numeral[edit]

  1. ten

Synonyms[edit]

  • Banker's numerals : ,

See also[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Number[edit]

Japanese cardinal numbers
9 10 11
    Cardinal :

(じゅう, )

十 (とお, )
十 (, to)
  1. ten

Etymology 1[edit]

/so1/: [so].

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji so)

  1. ten; used in compounds
Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

/to2/: [tə] > [to].

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji to)

  1. ten

Etymology 3[edit]

/to2wo/: [təwo] > [towo] > [too] > [toː].

Noun[edit]

(hiragana とお, romaji , historical hiragana とを)

  1. ten

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]
Compounds[edit]

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(sip)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: sip, McCune-Reischauer: ship, Yale: sip)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: yeol, McCune-Reischauer: yŏl, Yale: yel)
  1. ( , yeol sip): ten, ten times.

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

Readings[edit]

Number[edit]

  1. Han form of mười (ten)

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]