十六夜

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 1 Grade: 1 Grade: 2

Etymology[edit]

Read as いさよい (isayoi) in the Nara Period, alternating with いざよい (izayoi) in the Heian Period, and settling on いざよい (izayoi) thereafter.

From the conjunctive or gerund form (連用形 (ren'yōkei)) of the verb 猶予う (izayou), meaning to pause, to hesitate.

Noun[edit]

十六夜 (hiragana いざよい, romaji izayoi, historical hiragana いざよひ)

  1. Short for 十六夜の (izayoi no tsuki): the moon just past full moon, the start of the waning moon.
  2. The sixteenth of the month under the lunar calendar, the night just after full moon; compare to English ides. A common time for viewing the harvest moon in the Japanese 月見 (tsukimi) festival.
  3. Being sixteen years old.
  4. (archaic) A bet of 16 (sen) on a competition or game of chance.
  5. A female given name.

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See also[edit]