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Translingual[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Etymology[edit]

Pictogram (象形): a hanging percussion instrument.

Borrowed for the word "south," for unknown reasons (phonetic resemblance?). Originally identical to the left side of .

Han character[edit]

(radical 24 +7, 9 strokes, cangjie input 十月廿十 (JBTJ), four-corner 40227, composition)

Stroke order
南-bw.png

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 157, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2750
  • Dae Jaweon: page 357, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 65, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5357

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (南), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 泥 (8)
Final: 覃
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 那含切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/nʌm/ /năm/ /nᴀm/ /nəm/ /nəm/ /nɒm/ /nɒm/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
nán ‹ nom › /*nˁəm {*nˁ[ə]m}/ south
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
9355 2 /*nuːm/

Noun[edit]

  1. south, southern

Coordinate terms[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. south

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana みなみ, romaji minami)

  1. the south
    • c. 762: Shōsōin Man'yōgana Monjo
      和可夜之奈比乃 可波利爾波 於保末之末須 美奈美乃末知奈流奴乎 宇氣與止 於保止己可都可佐乃比止伊布 之可流可由恵爾 序禮宇氣牟比止良 久流末毛太之米弖 末都利伊禮之米太末布日 與禮良毛伊太佐牟 之可毛己乃波古美於可牟毛 阿夜布可流 可由恵爾 波夜久末可利太末布日之 於保己可ツ可佐奈比氣奈波 比止乃太氣太可比止 □己止波宇氣都流

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana みなみ, romaji Minami)

  1. A surname​.

References[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(nam)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: nam, McCune-Reischauer: nam, Yale: nam)
  • Name (hangeul): 남녘 (revised: namnyeok, McCune-Reischauer: namnyŏk, Yale: namnyekh)
  1. the south

Vietnamese[edit]

Character[edit]

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.

Adjective[edit]

(nam)

  1. south, southern