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Translingual[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Etymology[edit]

Simplified from (); in current form  + .

Han character[edit]

(radical 26 +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 土戈尸中 (GISL), composition)

  1. still, but
  2. to decline
  3. to retreat

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 159, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2856
  • Dae Jaweon: page 364, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 313, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5374

Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (却), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 溪 (29)
Final: 藥
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 去約切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰɨɐk̚/ /kʰi̯ak̚/ /kʰiak̚/ /kʰiɐk̚/ /kʰɨak̚/ /kʰĭak̚/ /kʰiɑk̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
què ‹ khjak › /*[k]ʰak/ decline, refuse

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10741 0 /*kʰaɡ/ 俗同卻見漢簡

Definitions[edit]

    • John 1.5
      光照在黑暗里,黑暗不接受光。
      Guāng zhào zaì hēiàn lǐ, hēi'àn què bù jiēshòu guāng.
      And the light shineth in darkness; and the darkness comprehended it not.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gak) (hangeul , revised gak, McCune-Reischauer kak)

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