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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
原-bw.png

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ideogram (指事) – a spring 泉 bursting from a cliff-side 厂: origin.

Current form is graphically  +  + , but this is not the etymology.

Han character[edit]

(radical 27 +8, 10 strokes, cangjie input 一竹日火 (MHAF), four-corner 71296, composition)

  1. meadow, field, plain, prairie, tundra, wilderness
  2. source, origin, beginning

Synonyms[edit]

  • (origin):

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 162, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2973
  • Dae Jaweon: page 368, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 74, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+539F

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (原), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 疑 (31)
Final: 元
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 愚袁切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋʉɐn/ /ŋi̯wɐn/ /ŋiuɐn/ /ŋʷiɐn/ /ŋuan/ /ŋĭwɐn/ /ŋiuɐn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
yuán ‹ ngjwon › /*N-ɢʷar/ spring, source; origin
yuán ‹ ngjwon › /*N-ɢʷar/ high plain (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
16186 1 /*ŋʷan/ 金文象泉源,爲源初文

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana はら, romaji hara)

  1. meadow, plain, field

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana はら, romaji Hara)

  1. A surname​.

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(won) (hangeul , revised won, McCune-Reischauer wŏn)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nguyên, nguyễn)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.