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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  + phonetic 

Han character[edit]

(radical 27 +12, 14 strokes, cangjie input 一日月大 (MABK), four-corner 71234, composition)

  1. dislike, detest, reject
  2. satiate

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 162, character 51
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3025
  • Dae Jaweon: page 370, character 30
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 78, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+53AD

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(simplified , Jyutping jim1, jim3, Yale yim1, yim3)


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Shared root with (aki, "autumn"). Current meaning possibly arising from metaphorical use of the meaning "autumn".

Noun[edit]

(hiragana あき, romaji aki)

  1. Disgust.
  2. Having one's fill; loss of interest.

Alternative forms[edit]

Idioms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Probably originally onomatopoetic, much like the English yuck.

Adjective[edit]

(-na inflection, hiragana いや, romaji iya)

  1. Disgusting, unpleasant, yucky.
Inflection[edit]

Interjection[edit]

(hiragana いや, romaji iya)

  1. Yuck, ew.

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(yeom, yeop) (hangeul [[, ]], revised yeom, yeop, McCune-Reischauer yŏm, yŏp, Yale yem, yep)


Mandarin[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(simplified , Pinyin yàn (yan4), Wade-Giles yen4)


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ướm, yếm, ếm, êm, im)