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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
去-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 28 +3, 5 strokes, cangjie input 土戈 (GI), four-corner 40731, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 164, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3070
  • Dae Jaweon: page 372, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 384, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+53BB

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Etymology[edit]

There were two pronunciations in Middle Chinese. The rising tone pronunciation originally meant "to put away, to eliminate" (causative of "to go away"), and the falling tone "to go away, to leave, to depart" (anticausative). The merger of the two pronunciations already happened in Old Chinese and most extant dialects do not observe this distinction now.

This word is of Sino-Tibetan origin with the basic meaning of "to get rid of". Compare Tibetan སྐྱག་པ (skyag pa, to spend, to lay out; dung, excrement), རྐྱག (rkyag, dirt, excrement), Burmese ကျ (kya., to fall, to become low), ချ (hkya., to put down, to bring down, to lower).

Graphically: Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (man) +  (mouth, object). Top figure simplified to , unrelated to (scholar, gentleman), while bottom simplified to . There are various interpretations of the combination of "man" and "mouth, object". One is that the ideograph represented a man with a hole marked in his crotch, and the inventors of writing had perhaps "anus" (i.e. getting rid of) in mind. Alternatively, it represented a man departing from a cave.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (去), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 溪 (29)
Final: 魚
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 羌舉切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰɨʌX/ /kʰi̯woX/ /kʰiɔX/ /kʰiɔX/ /kʰɨə̆X/ /kʰĭoX/ /kʰiɔX/
Character (去), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 溪 (29)
Final: 魚
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 丘倨切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰɨʌH/ /kʰi̯woH/ /kʰiɔH/ /kʰiɔH/ /kʰɨə̆H/ /kʰĭoH/ /kʰiɔH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ khjoX › /*[kʰ](r)aʔ/ get rid of
‹ khjoH › /*[k]ʰ(r)ap-s/ depart

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10684 0 /*kʰaʔ/
10687 0 /*kʰas/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to go, to go away, to leave, to depart
  2. (before or after a verb) to go in order to do something
  3. to remove; to get rid of
  4. (between two verbs) to; in order to
  5. (used after a verb of motion to indicates movement away from the speaker)
  6. to send
  7. to play (a part, a character); to act
  8. last; past

Antonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. to leave, to go away

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

See also[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(geo) (hangeul , revised geo, McCune-Reischauer kŏ)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(khứ, khử)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.