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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
友-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

From a pictograph of two hands meeting in friendship.

http://www.nihongo.aikidoka.ru/image/kanji/29/tomo/_a.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 29 +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 大水 (KE), four-corner 40047, composition𠂇)

  1. friend, companion
  2. fraternity

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 165, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3119
  • Dae Jaweon: page 374, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 391, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+53CB

See also[edit]


Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (友), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 云 (35)
Final: 尤
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 云久切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦɨuX/ /i̯ə̯uX/ /ɣiuX/ /ɦiuX/ /ɦuwX/ /ɣĭəuX/ /ɣiəuX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
yǒu ‹ hjuwX › /*[ɢ]ʷəәʔ/ friend

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
15596 0 /*ɢʷɯʔ/

Noun[edit]

  1. friend

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. friend

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana とも, romaji tomo)

  1. friend; pal

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana ゆう, romaji )

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(u)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: u, McCune-Reischauer: u, Yale: wu)
  • Name (hangeul): ()
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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hữu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.