|simpl. and trad.|
Duke Huan of Lu (711 BCE - 694 BCE) had four sons. His oldest son, Duke Zhuang of Lu, succeeded his father. Two of his other three sons were: Shu Ya (叔牙) and Ji You (季友). Both of them became the patriarchs of powerful landlord families that later came to be used as a metaphor for those who monopolize power.
- (archaic) those who monopolize power
- (archaic) The House of the descendants of Shu Ya (died 662 BCE) and the House of the descendants of Ji You (died 644 BCE)