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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (hand) +  (fire) +  (roof, house) – need to carry a light indoor to see – dim vision, old man. Top component (火 under 宀) now abstracted – this occurred in some forms of seal characters – and somewhat resembles .

Han character[edit]

(radical 29 +7, 09 strokes, cangjie input 竹X中水 (HXLE), four-corner 77407, composition𦥔)

  1. old man
  2. elder

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 166, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3176
  • Dae Jaweon: page 378, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 399, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+53DF

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (叟), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 心 (16)
Final: 侯
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 蘇后切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/səuX/ /sə̯uX/ /suX/ /səuX/ /səwX/ /səuX/ /səuX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
sǒu ‹ suwX › /*s.ruʔ (dial. › *sruʔ › srjuwX › sruwX › suwX)/ old man
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
12070 1 /*suːʔ/ 同叜隸變

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(su) (hangeul , revised su, McCune-Reischauer su)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tẩu)

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