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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
可-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

可 可 可 可
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Ideogram (指事) – possibly Simplified from , eliminating 大 and using 可 for sound — compare from .

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  + phonetic 

References[edit]

  • "" (in Mandarin), 字源. URL accessed on 2014-02-24.

Han character[edit]

(radical 30 +2, 5 strokes, cangjie input 一弓口 (MNR), four-corner 10620, composition)

  1. may, can, -able / -ible
  2. possibly

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 172, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3245
  • Dae Jaweon: page 383, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 567, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+53EF

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (可), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 溪 (29)
Final: 歌
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 枯我切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰɑX/ /kʰɑX/ /kʰɑX/ /kʰɑX/ /kʰaX/ /kʰɑX/ /kʰɑX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ khaX › /*kʰˁajʔ {*[k]ʰˁa[j]ʔ}/ may; acceptable
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
7446 1 /*kʰaːlʔ/

Adverb[edit]

  1. can, may, able to
    可能 (possibly), 可以 (can)
    他没有家住。 tā méiyǒu jiā kě zhù.
    He had no place to live.
  2. (particle used for emphasis)
    不太知道。 wǒ kě bù tài zhīdào.
    I don't really know.

Verb[edit]

  1. to approve, to permit
    许可
  2. to suit
    可心

Usage notes[edit]

In compounds, it allow to turn names and verbs into adjectives.

可吃 (edible), 可爱 (lovely), 可怜 (pitiful)

Compounds[edit]

* 可食

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji ka)

  1. passable

See also[edit]

Suffix[edit]

(hiragana , romaji -ka)

  1. permitted, allowed, licensed

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ga, geuk) (hangeul , , revised ga, geuk, McCune-Reischauer ka, kŭk)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(khả, khá, tài)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.