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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
后-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 30 +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 竹一口 (HMR), four-corner 72261, composition𠂋)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 176, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3298
  • Dae Jaweon: page 393, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 580, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+540E

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

厂 (to announce) + 一 + 口 (a mouth). It represents the powerful ruler giving orders.

Etymology 1[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see ("after").
(This term, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 2[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *m/s-gaw (head). Cognate with Tibetan གོ (go, head; headman), མགོ (mgo, head, top, beginning).

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (后), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 匣 (33)
Final: 侯
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 胡口切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦəuX/ /ɣə̯uX/ /ɣuX/ /ɦəuX/ /ɦəwX/ /ɣəuX/ /ɣəuX/
Character (后), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 匣 (33)
Final: 侯
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 胡遘切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦəuH/ /ɣə̯uH/ /ɣuH/ /ɦəuH/ /ɦəwH/ /ɣəuH/ /ɣəuH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
hòu ‹ huwX › /*ɢˤ(r)oʔ/ sovereign; queen

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
5168 0 /*ɡoːʔ/
5172 0 𠋫 /*ɡoːs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. king, ruler, emperor
  2. queen, empress
      ―  wánghòu  ―  queen

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. empress, queen

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
きさき
Grade: 6
kun'yomi

Unknown. Possibly originally a contraction of (kimi saki, literally lordly good fortune).

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana きさき, romaji kisaki)

  1. queen, empress
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
きさい
Grade: 6
kun'yomi

/kisaki//kisai/

Sound shift from kisaki above. Appears to be less common in isolation than the kisaki reading above.[2][1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana きさい, romaji kisai)

  1. queen, empress

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(hu) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer hu, Yale hwu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hậu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.