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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

See:

Han character[edit]

(radical 30 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 一火口 (MFR), four-corner 10609, composition)

  1. not, no, negative
  2. final particle
  3. 12th hexagram of the I Ching

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 178, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3340
  • Dae Jaweon: page 395, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 586, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+5426

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (否), Pronunciation (1/2)

Initial: 並 (3)
Final: 脂
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 符鄙切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/biɪX/ /bʱiX/ /biX/ /biX/ /biX/ /biX/ /bjɪX/
Character (否), Pronunciation (2/2)

Initial: 幫 (1)
Final: 尤
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 方久切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/pɨuX/ /pi̯ə̯uX/ /piuX/ /piuX/ /puwX/ /pĭəuX/ /piəuX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
fǒu ‹ pjuwX › /*pəʔ/ not
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1022 0 /*brɯʔ/
1028 0 /*pɯʔ/

Compounds[edit]

fǒu

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

  • 否応 (いやおう, iyaō)

Interjection[edit]

(hiragana いな, romaji ina)

  1. no
    • 2011, Barack Obama, 中東と北アフリカに関するバラク・オバマの演説 :
      結局 (けっきょく)行動 (こうどう)するか (いな)かはイスラエル (じん)とパレスティナ人次第 (じんしだい)である。
      kekkyoku, kōdō suru ka ina ka wa isuraeru-jin to paresutina-jin shidai de aru.
      Now, ultimately, it is up to the Israelis and Palestinians to take action.

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(bu, bi) (hangeul , , revised bu, bi, McCune-Reischauer pu, pi)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(, phủ, phầu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

References[edit]

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm , NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999