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See also: , , and

Translingual[edit]

simpl.
trad. 咸/

Etymology[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (axe) +  (mouth (person) or clay pot). To cut off one's head with an ax, depriving them of all they have; alternatively, to break a pot with an ax.

Simplified from as well.

Note that 咸 is not derived from , and that the characters 口一 are stacked in the opposite order in these characters. Both are ultimately from (halberd, spear).

Han character[edit]

(radical 30 +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 戈竹一口 (IHMR), four-corner 53200, composition)

  1. together
  2. all, completely
  3. united
  4. 31st hexagram of the I Ching
  5. salty (only after Chinese Simplified from )

Derived characters[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 187, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3563
  • Dae Jaweon: page 406, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1404, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+54B8

Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad. 咸/

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (咸), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 匣 (33)
Final: 咸
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 胡讒切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦɣɛm/ /ɣăm/ /ɣɐm/ /ɦɯæm/ /ɦəɨm/ /ɣɐm/ /ɣɐm/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xián ‹ hɛm › /*ɡˁrəm {*[ɡ]ˁr[ə]m}/ all; everywhere
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13515 1 /*ɡrɯːm/ 從口從戌會刺口之意,鹹初文

Usage notes[edit]

When used to mean "salty," "briny," "salted," or "pickled," 咸 is used as the simplified character, and 鹹 is used as the traditional character. For all other uses, 咸 is used as both the simplified and traditional form.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ham) (hangeul , revised ham, McCune-Reischauer ham)

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