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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 30 +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 口月山金 (RBUC), four-corner 60806, composition)

  1. member
  2. personnel, staff member

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 189, character 31
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3633
  • Dae Jaweon: page 409, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 628, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+54E1

Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (員), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 云 (35)
Final: 文
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 王分切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦɨun/ /i̯uən/ /ɣiuən/ /ɦiun/ /ɦun/ /ɣĭuən/ /ɣiuən/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
yuán ‹ hjwen › /*ɢʷ<r>en/ circle; round
yún ‹ hjun › /*[ɢ]ʷəә[n]/ (a particle)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
16199 3 /*ɢon/ 甲金文象鼎口爲圓初文
16215 2 /*ɢun/ 貟字注説文作員

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Suffix[edit]

(hiragana いん, romaji -in)

  1. member

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(won) (hangeul , revised won, McCune-Reischauer wŏn)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(viên, von)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.