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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意): semantic  (cry) + phonetic 

Han character[edit]

(radical 30 +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 土口口女 (GRRV), four-corner 40732)

  1. mourning
  2. mourn
  3. funeral

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 200, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3985
  • Dae Jaweon: page 421, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 650, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+55AA

Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (喪), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 心 (16)
Final: 唐
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 息郎切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/sɑŋ/ /sɑŋ/ /sɑŋ/ /sɑŋ/ /saŋ/ /sɑŋ/ /sɑŋ/
Character (喪), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 心 (16)
Final: 唐
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 蘇浪切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/sɑŋH/ /sɑŋH/ /sɑŋH/ /sɑŋH/ /saŋH/ /sɑŋH/ /sɑŋH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
sāng ‹ sang › /*s-mˤaŋ/ mourning, burial
sàng ‹ sangH › /*s-mˤaŋ-s/ lose; destroy

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
12660 0 /*smaːŋs/ 說文從亡亡亦聲,甲文借桑字金文始加亡
12661 0 /*smaːŋ/

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(sang) (hangeul , revised sang, McCune-Reischauer sang)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tang, táng, tảng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.