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Translingual[edit]

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

Stroke order
器-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Uncertain.

Possibly a Ideogrammic compound (會意): a 犬 (“dog”) guarding four 口 (“vessel”) - containers, or a phonetically borrowed character for the modern meanings with the original meaning being "to bark" (Compare ).

Han character[edit]

(radical 30 +13, 16 strokes, cangjie input 口口戈大口 (RRIKR), four-corner 66663, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 210, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4349
  • Dae Jaweon: page 432, character 26
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 690, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+5668

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (器), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 溪 (29)
Final: 脂
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 去冀切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰiɪH/ /kʰiH/ /kʰiH/ /kʰiH/ /kʰiH/ /kʰiH/ /kʰjɪH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ khijH › /*[kʰ]r[ə][t]-s/ vessel; instrument

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10173 1 /*kʰrɯds/

Definitions[edit]

  1. device; tool; utensil; ware
    器具 (qìjù)
  2. (medicine) organ
    器官 (qìguān)
  3. capacity; tolerance
    器量 (qìliàng)
  4. talent; ability
    大器晚成 (dàqìwǎnchéng)
  5. (literary) to think highly of
    器重 (qìzhòng)

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Ryakuji for 器.

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 4
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese (khijH, vessel; instrument).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • On'yomi
  • IPA(key): [ki]
  • When used as a suffix, the resulting term has a downstep either right before, or one mora before, the ki.
  • If the preceding syllable has only one mora (as in ga or tsu), the downstep occurs just after that mora:
瓦器 (unglazed earthenware): [gáꜜkì]
空気予熱器 (kūki yonetsuki, air pre-heater): うきよね [kùúkí yónétsúꜜkì]
  • If the preceding syllable has two morae (as in zen or tei), the downstep occurs between the two morae:
安全器 (anzenki, safety cut-out): んき [àńzéꜜǹkì]
円弧測定器 (enko sokuteiki, cyclometer): んそくいき [èńkó sókútéꜜèkì]

Affix[edit]

(hiragana , romaji ki)

  1. device, instrument
  2. container, vessel
Usage notes[edit]

Often used interchangeably with (ki) in compounds to indicate “machine”, with the subtlety that implies a smaller device, perhaps hand-held, while implies a larger machine, such as an airplane. Compare 食器 (shokki, tableware) and 飛行機 (hikōki, airplane), or homophones 機械 (kikai, machine, generally larger) and 器械 (kikai, machine, tool, generally smaller).

Derived terms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

(hiragana , romaji -ki)

  1. device, instrument
Usage notes[edit]

Can attach to various nouns that can be used as verbs, to indicate a device for carrying out the action. Examples:

  • 計量 (keiryō, measurement, measuring, gauging) + (-ki) = 計量器 (keiryōki, a measuring device, a gauge)
  • 尿 (nyō, urine) + (-ki) = 尿器 (nyōki, urinal)
  • 印字 (inji, print, type, literally stamp + character) + (-ki) = 印字器 (injiki, a printer, a smaller device, such as a handheld number and letter puncher)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
うつわ
Grade: 4
kun'yomi

/ut͡supa//ut͡suɸa//ut͡suwa/

From Old Japanese.[1] Cognate with (utsuo, ancient utsupo, utsubo), signifying a hollowness. Appears to be a compound of , (utsu, hollow, combining form, standalone form uchi, “inside”) + (ha). The derivation of this ha element is unclear.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana うつわ, romaji utsuwa, historical hiragana うつは)

  1. container, vessel
  2. a tool, a utensil
  3. one's degree of ability: talent, caliber
  4. female genitalia: a vagina
Derived terms[edit]
Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gi) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer ki)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(khí)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.