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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 31 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 田十口 (WJR), four-corner 60604, composition)

  1. to become solid, solidify
  2. strength

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 218, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4745
  • Dae Jaweon: page 445, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 716, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+56FA

Chinese[edit]

 
hard; strong; solid; sure
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (固), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 模
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 古暮切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kuoH/ /kuoH/ /koH/ /kuoH/ /kɔH/ /kuH/ /koH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ kuH › /*[k]ˤa-s/ fortified, secure

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4230 0 /*kaːs/

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(go) (hangeul , revised go, McCune-Reischauer ko)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cố, , cuá)

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