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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

One of the Chinese characters created by Empress Wu to demonstrate her power. She was said to have disliked how the traditional form contained 或, which she interpreted as meaning "mislead" (see ). In this form, this character consists of (four, also acting as the enclosure) and 方 (direction).

Han character[edit]

(radical 31 +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 田金卜尸 (WCYS), composition)

  1. nation, country, nation-state

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 218, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4759
  • Dae Jaweon: page 446, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 718, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+5700

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Jyutping gwok3, gok3, Yale gwok3, gok3)

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

Non-standard form; only used in personal names.


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(guk) (hangeul , revised guk, McCune-Reischauer kuk)


Mandarin[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Pinyin guó (guo2), Wade-Giles kuo2)

Usage notes[edit]

Non-standard form


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hữu)