國家

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Chinese[edit]

country; state; nation
 
-ist; -er; -ian; home; family; a person engaged in a certain art or profession; measure word for stores and schools
trad. (國家)
simp. (国家)

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (國家, reconstructed)
Character (國), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 德
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 古或切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kwək̚/ /kwək̚/ /kuək̚/ /kʷək̚/ /kwək̚/ /kuək̚/ /kuək̚/
Character (家), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 麻
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 古牙切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɣa/ /ka/ /ka/ /kɯa/ /kaɨ/ /ka/ /ka/
Old Chinese pronunciation (國家, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
guó ‹ kwok › /*[C.q]ʷˤəәk/ state (n.)
jiā ‹ kae › /*kˤra/ household

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
5547 0 /*kʷɯːɡ/
5919 0 /*kraː/

Noun[edit]

國家

  1. nation; state

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (國家):


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
こく > こっ
Hyōgaiji

Grade: 2
on'yomi

Noun[edit]

國家 (kyūjitai kanji, shinjitai kanji 国家, hiragana こっか, romaji kokka)

  1. nation

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this word

Noun[edit]

國家 (gukga) (hangeul 국가)

  1. Hanja form? of 국가, “nation, country, state, polity”.

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Noun[edit]

國家

  1. Hán tự form of quốc gia, "nation, state"