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See also: , , and ±

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
土-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Pictogram (象形): a lump of clay on a potter’s wheel.

土 土 土 土
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han character[edit]

(radical 32 +0, 3 strokes, cangjie input 土 (G), four-corner 40100, composition)

  1. soil, earth
  2. items made of earth
  3. one of the five basic elements
  4. peasant

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 223, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4867
  • Dae Jaweon: page 453, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 415, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+571F

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (土), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 透 (6)
Final: 模
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 他魯切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/tʰuoX/ /tʰuoX/ /tʰoX/ /tʰuoX/ /tʰɔX/ /tʰuX/ /tʰoX/
Character (土), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 定 (7)
Final: 模
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 徒古切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/duoX/ /dʱuoX/ /doX/ /duoX/ /dɔX/ /duX/ /doX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ thuX › /*tʰˤaʔ/ earth

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
12499 0 /*l̥ʰaːʔ/
12503 0 /*l'aːʔ/

Noun[edit]

  1. earth, soil
    这儿的够肥的。 zhèr de gòu féi de.
    The soil here is quite fertile.
  2. clay
  3. crude opium

Adjective[edit]

  1. local, native, indigenous
    土著 aboriginal
  2. rustic, unsophisticated

Proper noun[edit]

  1. A surname​.
  2. Tujia ethnic group (土家族)
Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Kanji in this term
つち
Grade: 1
kun'yomi

Noun[edit]

(hiragana つち, romaji tsuchi)

  1. earth; soil; mud
  2. the ground

Phrases[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(to, du)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): ,  (revised: to, du, McCune-Reischauer: t'o, tu, Yale: tho, twu)
  • Name (hangeul): , 뿌리 (revised: heulk, ppuri, McCune-Reischauer: hŭk, ppuri, Yale: hulk, ppuli)
  • Compounds
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Noun[edit]

(to) (hangeul )

  1. earth
  2. (As an abbreviation) Saturday

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thổ)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.