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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
地-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 32 +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 土心木 (GPD), four-corner 44112, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 224, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4890
  • Dae Jaweon: page 456, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 420, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+5730

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (地), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 定 (7)
Final: 脂
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 徒四切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/diɪH/ /dʱiH/ /diH/ /diH/ /diH/ /diH/ /djɪH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ dijH › /*[l]ˤej-s/ earth, ground

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
14808 2 /*l'els/

Noun[edit]

  1. (Beginning Mandarin) earth
  2. (Beginning Mandarin) soil, ground
  3. region
  4. land
  5. (Cantonese) (=), a less common plurality marker

Pronunciation[edit]


Particle[edit]

  1. (Beginning Mandarin) (adverb-forming particle, like English -ly)
    • [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad. and simp.]hěn kuài dì [Pinyin] — very quickly

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. earth; ground

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji chi)

  1. earth; land; ground
  2. a place; a region; a piece of land
  3. territory; dominion
  4. (of a crate, etc) the bottom

Suffix[edit]

(hiragana , romaji -chi)

  1. place, area

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji ji, historical hiragana )

  1. earth; dirt
  2. fabric
    • 1906, Natsume Sōseki, Botchan:
      いくらか (うす) ()には相違 (そうい)なくっても (あつ)いには (きま)ってる。
      ikura ka usui ji ni wa sōi nakutte mo atsui ni wa kimatteru.
      However thin it might be, flannel is flannel and must have been pretty warm at that time of the year.
  3. (game of Go) territory

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ji)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (McCune-Reischauer: chi)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: ttang, McCune-Reischauer: ttang, Yale: ttang)
  1. ( 지, ttang-): earth, land, ground
  2. (지위 지, jiwi-): status, rank

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(địa, rịa)

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