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Translingual[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Etymology[edit]

Simplified from ( → a component which cannot be displayed independently).

Han character[edit]

(radical 32 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 中水土 (LEG))

  1. hard, strong, firm
  2. resolute

References[edit]

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 226, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4963
  • Dae Jaweon: page 461, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 422, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+575A

Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (堅), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 先
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 古賢切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ken/ /kien/ /ken/ /ken/ /kɛn/ /kien/ /kɛn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
jiān ‹ ken › /*kˁiŋ {*kˁi[ŋ]}/ solid, strong
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1330 1 /*kiːn/

Compounds[edit]