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Translingual[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic ; in present form 丮 has been replaced by .

also Pictogram (象形): arrest

Han character[edit]

(radical 32 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 土十大弓戈 (GJKNI), four-corner 45417, composition)

  1. hold in hand
  2. keep
  3. carry out

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 231, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5193
  • Dae Jaweon: page 467, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 457, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+57F7

Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (執), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 章 (23)
Final: 緝
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 之入切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕiɪp̚/ /t͡ɕi̯əp̚/ /t͡ɕiəp̚/ /t͡ɕip̚/ /cip̚/ /t͡ɕĭĕp̚/ /t͡ɕjep̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhí ‹ tsyip › /*[t]ip/ seize

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17290 2 /*tjib/ 甲金文象梏人雙手,幸象梏非聲

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana まもる, romaji Mamoru)

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(jip) (hangeul , revised jip, McCune-Reischauer chip)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(chấp, chắp, chặp, chập, chợp, chuụp, giập, giộp, giúp, xắp, xấp, xúp, chộp, chụp, xóp, xụp)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]