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Translingual[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic 

Han character[edit]

(radical 32 +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 尸水土 (SEG), four-corner 77104, composition)

  1. hard, strong, firm
  2. resolute

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 232, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5210
  • Dae Jaweon: page 469, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 451, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5805

Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (堅), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 先
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 古賢切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ken/ /kien/ /ken/ /ken/ /kɛn/ /kien/ /kɛn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
jiān ‹ ken › /*kˁiŋ {*kˁi[ŋ]}/ solid, strong
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1330 1 /*kiːn/

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana けん, romaji Ken)

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gyeon) (hangeul , revised gyeon, McCune-Reischauer kyŏn)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(kiên, keng, kiêng, gắn, ghiền)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.