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Translingual[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • There are two Unicode z-variants, at code points U+585A and U+FA10

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (earth) + phonetic  – an earthen mound, a tomb of earth.

Han character[edit]

(radical 32 +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 土月一人 (GBMO), four-corner 47132, composition)

  1. cemetery
  2. tomb, burial mound

References[edit]


Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (塚), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 知 (9)
Final: 鍾
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 知隴切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʈɨoŋX/ /ȶi̯woŋX/ /ȶioŋX/ /ʈioŋX/ /ʈuawŋX/ /ȶĭwoŋX/ /ȶioŋX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1617 0 /*toŋʔ/ 冢轉註俗字

Definitions[edit]

  1. variant of

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. mound, hillock, tumulus (implies a manmade origin)

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term
つか
Grade: S
kun'yomi

Cognate with Old Japanese verb 築く (tsuku, to build up using earth and/or stone).[1]

The /a/ ending may indicate that tsuka developed as the nominalization of the 未然形 (mizenkei, irrealis form) of the verb, suggesting an original meaning of "that which is being built up into an earthworks (but isn't finished yet)". The irrealis is also the root form for constructing the passive form of all Japanese verbs, so the original meaning might instead have been just the passive sense of "that which is built up into an earthworks".

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana つか, romaji tsuka)

  1. a mound or hillock, generally manmade
  2. a grave, a tumulus or burial mound

Derived terms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(chong) (hangeul , revised chong, McCune-Reischauer ch'ong)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(trủng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.