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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 32 +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 十廿金土 (JTCG), four-corner 30104, composition𡨄)

  1. stop up, block, seal, cork
  2. pass, frontier; border
  3. fortress

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 236, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5349
  • Dae Jaweon: page 474, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 475, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+585E

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (塞), Pronunciation (1/2)

Initial: 心 (16)
Final: 咍
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 先代切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/sʌiH/ /sɑ̆iH/ /sᴀiH/ /səiH/ /səjH/ /sɒiH/ /sɒiH/
Character (塞), Pronunciation (2/2)

Initial: 心 (16)
Final: 德
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 蘇則切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/sək̚/ /sək̚/ /sək̚/ /sək̚/ /sək̚/ /sək̚/ /sək̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
sài ‹ sojH › /*sˁək-s {*[s]ˁək-s}/ frontier
sài ‹ sojH › /*sˁək-s/ pass (n.)
‹ sok › /*sˁək {*[s]ˁək}/ stop up, block (v.)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10958 0 /*slɯːɡs/
10961 0 /*slɯːɡ/

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(sae, saek) (hangeul , , revised sae, saek, McCune-Reischauer sae, saek, Yale say, sayk)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tắc, tái)

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