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See also: 寿

Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ideogram (指事) – an old man kneeling and praying for long life.

A rather complex character; top cognate to , bottom + . Middle originally similar to older form of , now simplified to .

Han character[edit]

(radical 33 +11, 14 strokes, cangjie input 土弓一戈 (GNMI), four-corner 40641, composition ⿳⿳)

  1. old age, long life
  2. lifespan

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 244, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5672
  • Dae Jaweon: page 484, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 483, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+58FD

Chinese[edit]

simpl. 寿
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (壽), Pronunciation (1/2)

Initial: 常 (25)
Final: 尤
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 殖酉切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑɨuX/ /ʑi̯ə̯uX/ /ʑiuX/ /d͡ʑiuX/ /d͡ʑuwX/ /ʑĭəuX/ /d͡ʑiəuX/
Character (壽), Pronunciation (2/2)

Initial: 常 (25)
Final: 尤
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 承呪切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑɨuH/ /ʑi̯ə̯uH/ /ʑiuH/ /d͡ʑiuH/ /d͡ʑuwH/ /ʑĭəuH/ /d͡ʑiəuH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shòu ‹ dzyuwH › /*duʔ-s {*[d]uʔ-s}/ longevity
shòu ‹ dzyuwX › /*N-tuʔ {*[N-t]uʔ}/ longevity
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11707 1 /*djuʔ/
11709 1 /*djus/

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(su) (hangeul , revised su, McCune-Reischauer su, Yale swu)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thọ)

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