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simpl. and trad.

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
夏-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Pictogram (象形): Originally a walking human figure, representing a "great" man. "Summer" is a later borrowed meaning.

Han character[edit]

(radical 35 +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 一山竹水 (MUHE), four-corner 10247, composition𦣻)

  1. summer
  2. great, grand, big
  3. the Xia Dynasty of China
  4. a Chinese surname

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 245, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5720
  • Dae Jaweon: page 485, character 29
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 869, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+590F

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Jyutping haa6, Yale ha6)

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. summer

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Kanji in this term
なつ
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

Noun[edit]

(hiragana なつ, romaji natsu)

  1. summer (season)

Synonyms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ha) (hangeul , revised ha, McCune-Reischauer ha)

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See also[edit]


Mandarin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Pinyin xià (xia4), Wade-Giles hsia4)

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Compounds[edit]


Middle Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Chinese (*graʔ-s)

Noun[edit]

(Karlgren-Li xɐ‐, Baxter hæH)

  1. summer

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Chinese (*graʔ)

Adjective[edit]

(Karlgren-Li xɐ:, Baxter hæX)

  1. great
  2. (archaic) Pertaining to the Chinese civilization

Old Chinese[edit]

Noun[edit]

(*graʔ-s)

  1. summer

Adjective[edit]

(*graʔ)

  1. great
  2. (archaic) Pertaining to the Chinese civilization

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hạ, )

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