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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
多-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

多 多 多 多
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Pictogram (象形) – two pieces of meat (); the ⺼ components have been simplified to .

The conventional explanation is that this represented the concept of "many" through visual repetition. However, the earliest oracle bones use 多 for both "many" and another word meaning "to separate," thus suggesting that 多 depicts a piece of meat cut in two. The word "to separate" was later written as .

Han character[edit]

(radical 36 +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 弓戈弓戈 (NINI), four-corner 27207, composition夕)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 246, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5756
  • Dae Jaweon: page 489, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 862, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+591A

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (多), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 端 (5)
Final: 歌
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 得何切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/tɑ/ /tɑ/ /tɑ/ /tɑ/ /ta/ /tɑ/ /tɑ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
duō ‹ ta › /*t-lˁaj {*[t-l]ˁaj}/ many
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
2637 1 /*ʔl'aːl/ 甲金文從二肉非二夕

Adjective[edit]

  1. (Beginning Mandarin) many, much, a lot of, numerous
    • 街上 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad. and simp.]
      Jiēshàng yǒu hěn duō rén. [Pinyin]
      There is a lot of people in the street
  2. (after an amount) over, and more, more than
  3. (used in comparison structure 得多 / 多了) much more, a lot more, far more

Usage note[edit]

  • (over , more than): When the number is smaller or equal to 10, 多 can be put after the measure word.If it is bigger than ten, 多 has to be put before the measure word:

Antonyms[edit]

  • (shǎo, "few")

Adverb[edit]

  1. (before or after a verb) more
  2. (used in question) how, how much, what
    • [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad. and simp.]
      Nǐ duō gāo? [Pinyin]
      How tall are you?
  3. (emphasis in exclamations) so, how, what

Usage note[edit]

  • (more): Placing 多 after the verb is correct but it is less natural than placing it before.
  • (so, how): pronounced "duó" in Taiwan.

Verb[edit]

  1. to have a lot
  2. to have more, to have too much, to have too many

Compounds[edit]

Reference[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. many, much

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(da) (hangeul , revised da, McCune-Reischauer ta)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(đa, nhật)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.