大日如来

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Japanese[edit]

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大日如来 (Dainichi Nyorai): a statue of the Vairocana Buddha at Tōdai-ji in Nara.
Kanji in this term
だい
Grade: 1
にち
Grade: 1
にょ
Grade: S
らい
Grade: 2
on'yomi

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese 大日如來 (/dajH njit njo loj/). Compare modern Mandarin traditional 大日如來 and simplified 大日如来 (Dà rì rú lái).

Middle Chinese 大日如來 is a compound of 大日 + 如來, where 大日 (literally great sun) is a translation of Sanskrit महावैरोचन (Mahāvairocana, the name of this Buddhist entity)[1][2], and 如來 is an abbreviation of either 如去如來 or 如來如去 (coming from suchness, going back into suchness), translations of Sanskrit तथागत (tathāgata, coming from suchness, going back into suchness; thus coming, thus going, exact meaning uncertain, see Wikipedia-logo.png Tathāgata on Wikipedia.Wikipedia:Tathāgata)[1][2].

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

大日如来 (hiragana だいにちにょらい, romaji Dainichi Nyorai)

  1. (religion, Buddhism) Dainichi Nyorai: the sun Buddha, called Vairocana or Mahāvairocana; the embodiment of the Buddhist concept of emptiness or sunyata, one of the Five Dhyani Buddhas, and an important entity in Shingon Buddhism

Coordinate terms[edit]

The 五智如来 (Go Chi Nyorai, Five Dhyani Buddhas) and associated directions are:

Related terms[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3