天氣

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See also: 天気 and 天气

Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Etymology[edit]

From  ("sky") +  ("gas, air, qi").

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (天氣, reconstructed)
Character (天), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 透 (6)
Final: 先
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 他前切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/tʰen/ /tʰien/ /tʰen/ /tʰen/ /tʰɛn/ /tʰien/ /tʰɛn/
Character (氣), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 溪 (29)
Final: 微
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 去旣切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰɨiH/ /kʰe̯iH/ /kʰiəiH/ /kʰɨiH/ /kʰɨjH/ /kʰĭəiH/ /kʰiəiH/
Character (氣), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 曉 (32)
Final: 微
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 許旣切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/hɨiH/ /xe̯iH/ /xiəiH/ /hɨiH/ /hɨjH/ /xĭəiH/ /xiəiH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (天氣, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
tiān ‹ then › /*l̥ ˤi[n]/ heaven
xiān ‹ xen › /*l̥ ˤi[n] (W dialect: l̥ ˤ- > Hàn-time *xˤ- > MC x-)/ heaven
‹ khj+jH › /*C.qʰəәp-s/ cloudy vapors
‹ xj+jH › /*qʰəәt-s/ to present food

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
12387 1 /*qʰl'iːn/
10140 1 /*kʰɯds/
10143 1 /*qʰɯds/ 後作餼

Noun[edit]

天氣

  1. weather

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
てん
Grade: 1

Hyōgaiji
on'yomi

Noun[edit]

天氣 (kyūjitai kanji, shinjitai kanji 天気, hiragana てんき, romaji tenki)

  1. weather