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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

夫 夫 夫 夫
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Ideogrammic compound (會意) A man with an hairpin in his hair. In ancient times, when men reached the age of 20, they bind their hair with a hairpin during the Guan Li ceremony. The hairpin is the sign of “a grownup man”.

Han character[edit]

(radical 37 +1, 4 strokes, cangjie input 手人 (QO), four-corner 50030)

  1. man, male adult, husband
  2. he, she, they, those, this, that

See also[edit]

  • (top simplified from 竝 and 兟)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 248, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5835
  • Dae Jaweon: page 507, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 521, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+592B

Chinese[edit]

husband; man
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (夫), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 並 (3)
Final: 虞
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 防無切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/bɨo/ /bʱi̯u/ /bio/ /bio/ /buə̆/ /bĭu/ /bio/
Character (夫), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 幫 (1)
Final: 虞
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 甫無切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/pɨo/ /pi̯u/ /pio/ /pio/ /puə̆/ /pĭu/ /pio/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ pju › /*p(r)a/ man
‹ bju › /*[b]a/ this, that
‹ bju › /*ba/ final particle

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
3274 0 /*pa/
3281 0 /*ba/

Noun[edit]

  1. husband
    丈夫 husband, 夫妇 married couple
  2. man, male adult
  3. manual worker
    农夫 peasant, 渔夫 fisherman

Pronoun[edit]

  1. (classical) he, she, they, those, this, that

Particle[edit]

  1. (literary) sentence-final, meaning "Is it not?" or "Isn't it?"
  2. (literary) initial particle which introduces a topic
    • Spring and Autumn Period or Warring States Period, 孙武 (Sun Wu), 孫子 (The Art of War):
      将者,国之辅也。辅周则国必强,辅隙则国必弱。
      The general is the country's defense. If the defense is solid, the country can only be strong; if it has gaps, then the country can only be weak.
Usage notes[edit]

Not used as an independent character in modern Chinese. Only found in compounds.

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana おっと, romaji otto)

  1. (humble) (one's own) husband

(hiragana つま, romaji tsuma)

  1. spouse, consort

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(bu) (hangeul , revised bu, McCune-Reischauer pu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(phu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.