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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

夫 夫 夫 夫
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Ideogrammic compound (會意) A man with an hairpin in his hair. In ancient times, when men reached the age of 20, they bind their hair with a hairpin during the Guan Li ceremony. The hairpin is the sign of “a grownup man”.

Han character[edit]

(radical 37 +1, 4 strokes, cangjie input 手人 (QO), four-corner 50030)

  1. man, male adult, husband
  2. he, she, they, those, this, that

See also[edit]

  • (top simplified from 竝 and 兟)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 248, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5835
  • Dae Jaweon: page 507, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 521, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+592B

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Jyutping fu1, fu4, Yale fu1, fu4)


Japanese[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana おっと, romaji otto)

  1. husband

(hiragana つま, romaji tsuma)

  1. spouse, consort

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(bu) (hangeul , revised bu, McCune-Reischauer pu)


Mandarin[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Pinyin (fu1), (fu2), Wade-Giles fu1)

Noun[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin )

  1. man, male adult
  2. manual worker

Pronoun[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin )

  1. (classical) he, she, they, those, this, that

Particle[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin )

  1. (literary) sentence-final, meaning "Is it not?" or "Isn't it?"
  2. (literary) initial particle which introduces a topic
    • Spring and Autumn Period or Warring States Period, 孙武 (Sun Wu), 孫子 (The Art of War):
      将者,国之辅也。辅周则国必强,辅隙则国必弱。
      The general is the country's defense. If the defense is solid, the country can only be strong; if it has gaps, then the country can only be weak.

Usage notes[edit]

Not used as an independent character in modern Chinese. only found in compounds.

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • 1995, Edwin G. Pulleyblank, Outline of Classical Chinese Grammar, page 17:
  • 1995, Edwin G. Pulleyblank, Outline of Classical Chinese Grammar, page 74:
  • "" (in Mandarin/English), MDBG English to Chinese dictionary ( Based on CC-CEDICT ). URL accessed on 2014-02-17.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(phu)