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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
女-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Pictogram (象形): a woman with breasts kneeling or standing. In modern form turned on left side: enclosed area is remnant of left breast (character's left, depicted woman's right), while right breast has disappeared. Graphically cognate to (mother), which has developed similarly, but also includes dots for nipples and has retained both breasts.

女 女 女 女
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Wikipedia

Han character[edit]

(radical 38 +0, 3 strokes, cangjie input 女 (V), four-corner 40400)

  1. Kangxi radical 38

Usage notes[edit]

Generally used only for humans. Female animals are typically described as instead.

Antonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 254, character 22
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6036
  • Dae Jaweon: page 516, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1023, character 23
  • Unihan data for U+5973

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (女), Pronunciation (1/2)

Initial: 娘 (12)
Final: 魚
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 尼吕切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɳɨʌX/ /ni̯woX/ /niɔX/ /ɳiɔX/ /ɳɨə̆X/ /nĭoX/ /niɔX/
Character (女), Pronunciation (2/2)

Initial: 娘 (12)
Final: 魚
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 尼據切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɳɨʌH/ /ni̯woH/ /niɔH/ /ɳiɔH/ /ɳɨə̆H/ /nĭoH/ /niɔH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ nrjoX › /*nraʔ/ female
‹ nrjoH › /*nraʔ-s/ give as a wife
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
9616 0 /*naʔ/
9618 0 /*nas/

Noun[edit]

  1. (Beginning Mandarin) woman
  2. (for people) female
  3. daughter
  4. Kangxi radical 38 (woman)
Synonyms[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

  1. (archaic) thou ( variant of )

Proper noun[edit]

  1. (astronomy) the Girl, a Chinese constellation near Aquarius, 10th of the Twenty-Eight Mansions (二十八宿) and part of the Black Turtle (玄武).
Hypernyms[edit]
  • 玄武 (The Black Turtle (constellation))
  • 二十八宿 (The Twenty-Eight Mansions (constellation))
Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • "" (in Mandarin/English), MDBG English to Chinese dictionary ( Based on CC-CEDICT ). URL accessed on 2014-03-20.
  • "Jukuu" (in Mandarin/English), Jukuu. URL accessed on 2014-03-20.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Japanese. /womi1na//womina//omina/. The initial /wo/ expressed "small, youth" and contrasted with /o/ "grown, old" (as in (omina) "old woman"). The medial /mi/ is cognate with (me, female, woman).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana おみな, romaji omina)

  1. (archaic) a young woman
  2. (archaic) a woman

Etymology 2[edit]

From earlier /womina/: /womina//woɴna//oɴna/.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana おんな, romaji onna)

  1. a woman
Usage notes[edit]

This has superseded omina, and is now one of the standard Japanese words for woman.

Etymology 3[edit]

From Old Japanese. /me1//me/

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji me)

  1. female
  2. woman
  3. wife
Usage notes[edit]

Used more in compounds than on its own.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

See also[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(nyeo(yeo))
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): () (McCune-Reischauer: nyŏ(yŏ), Yale: nye(nye))
  • Name (hangeul): 계집 (revised: gyejip, McCune-Reischauer: kyejip, Yale: kyeycip)
  1. (계집 녀, gyejip-): (vulgar) female, woman, wife.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nữa, lỡ, nhỡ, nớ, nợ, nỡ, nữ, nự)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]