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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (woman) + phonetic  – a type of woman (aunt, mother-in-law).

Han character[edit]

(radical 38 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 女十口 (VJR), four-corner 44460, composition)

  1. father's sister
  2. husband's mother

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • Crook 1985: page 241
  • Jingrong: 241
  • Lin Yutang: 93A.40, page 1409
  • Nelson: 1201
  • KangXi: page 258, character 32
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6174
  • Dae Jaweon: page 524, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1035, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+59D1

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (姑), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 模
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 古胡切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kuo/ /kuo/ /ko/ /kuo/ /kɔ/ /ku/ /ko/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ ku › /*kˁa/ father's sister
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4212 0 /*kaː/

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

/sihi1to2me1/: [shipitwome] → [shiɸitwome] → [shiɸitome]. Compound of (shihito, in law) and (me, woman). See next entry.

Noun[edit]

(hiragana しひとめ, romaji shihitome)

  1. a mother-in-law

Etymology 2[edit]

From shihitome: [shipitwome] → [shiɸitwome] → [shiɸitome] → [shiɸutome] → [shiwutome] → [shiutome] → [shuːtome].

Noun[edit]

(hiragana しゅうとめ, romaji shūtome, historical hiragana しうとめ)

  1. a mother-in-law

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]
Compounds[edit]

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(go) (hangeul , revised go, McCune-Reischauer ko)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(, go, o)

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