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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
姓-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Radical: (woman) + (born) ("the woman we were borne from gives us our name")

Han character[edit]

(radical 38 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 女竹手一 (VHQM), four-corner 45410, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 259, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6178
  • Dae Jaweon: page 524, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1037, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+59D3

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (姓), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 心 (16)
Final: 清
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 息正切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/siᴇŋH/ /si̯ɛŋH/ /siɛŋH/ /siɛŋH/ /siajŋH/ /sĭɛŋH/ /siæŋH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xìng ‹ sjengH › /*seŋ-s/ surname

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11359 0 /*sleŋs/

Noun[edit]

  1. family name; surname
  2. (archaic) clan

Verb[edit]

  1. to be surnamed, to be called (family name)
    • [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad.]
    • [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, simp.]
      Nín guì xìng? [Pinyin]
      What is your surname? (formal)

Synonyms[edit]

  • ("to call, to be called")

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(seong) (hangeul , revised seong, McCune-Reischauer sŏng)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tính)

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