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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
字-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 39 +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 十弓木 (JND), four-corner 30407, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 277, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6942
  • Dae Jaweon: page 545, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1010, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5B57

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.
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Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (roof) + phonetic  (child). It is also cognate with its phonetic component — see Proto-Sino-Tibetan *tsa ~ za for more.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (字), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 從 (15)
Final: 之
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 疾置切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡zɨH/ /d͡zʱiH/ /d͡ziəH/ /d͡zɨH/ /d͡zɨH/ /d͡zĭəH/ /d͡zieH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ dziH › /*mə-dzə-s {*mə-dzə(ʔ)-s}/ breed, love (v.); character
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17864 0 /*zlɯs/ 子分化字

Verb[edit]

(obsolete)

  1. to give birth to
  2. to be pregnant
  3. to bring up, to raise (a child)
  4. to love
  5. to educate, to teach
  6. to govern

Noun[edit]

(classifier )

  1. Chinese character; hanzi
  2. word
  3. style of handwriting; printing type
  4. letter; symbol; character
  5. (historical) Chinese style name; courtesy name (a name traditionally given to Chinese males at the age of 20 (also called 表字))
  6. (regional, Cantonese) five minutes (on the clock)
    • [Guangzhou Cantonese, trad.] / [Guangzhou Cantonese, simp.]caang1 saam1 go3 zi6 dou3 luk6 dim2 [Jyutping] — a quarter to six (Literally: Missing three five-minutes to six o'clock)

Usage notes[edit]

  • Chinese people usually count what they say in characters/syllables. E.g. 知道 (wǒ bù zhīdào) has three words but four characters.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (字):


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

  • 十字 (じゅうじ, jūji): cross
  • 字解 (じかい, jikai)
  • 字義 (じぎ, jigi): the meaning of a word
  • 字源 (じげん, jigen): the construction of a character
  • 字体 (じたい, jitai): font or lettering
  • 字典 (じてん, jiten): character dictionary
  • 字母 (じぼ, jibo): letter (of the alphabet)
  • 漢字 (かんじ, kanji): Chinese characters
    漢字返し (kanji-gaeshi) kanji repeater
  • 文字 (もじ, moji): letter, character, or ideograph
  • 字引 (じびき, jibiki): dictionary
  • 数字 (すうじ, sūji): numeral or number
  • 字訳

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Middle Chinese 字 with the southern pronunciation (kango, Go-on).

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji ji)

  1. a letter, character
    この () (なん) ()みますか?
    kono ji wa nan to yomimasuka?
    How do you pronounce this character?
  2. handwriting
    彼女 (かのじょ) ()上手 (うま)い。
    kanojo wa ji ga umai.
    She has good handwriting.

Counter[edit]

(hiragana , romaji -ji)

  1. letters, characters
    40字以内 (よんじゅうじいない) ()いてください。
    yon jū ji inai de kaite kudasai.
    Please write it down in 40 letters or fewer.

Etymology 2[edit]

Shortened form of あざな azana "a section of a village" of ancient Japanese origin (wago).

Noun[edit]

(hiragana あざ, romaji aza)

  1. a section of a village
Derived terms[edit]

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ja)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (McCune-Reischauer: cha)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tự, chữ, tợ)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

References[edit]

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển, Hà Nội, 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm, NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999

Compounds[edit]