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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
字-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (roof) + phonetic  (child). It is also cognate with its phonetic component — see Proto-Sino-Tibetan *tsa ~ za for more.

Han character[edit]

(radical 39 +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 十弓木 (JND), four-corner 30407, composition)

  1. letter, character, word

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 277, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6942
  • Dae Jaweon: page 545, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1010, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5B57

Cantonese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Hanzi[edit]

(Jyutping zi6, Yale ji6)


Hakka[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(POJ sṳ̀ (sṳ3), tshṳ̀ (tshṳ3), Hagfa Pinyim si4, su4)

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

  • 十字 (じゅうじ, jūji): cross
  • 字解 (じかい, jikai)
  • 字義 (じぎ, jigi): the meaning of a word
  • 字源 (じげん, jigen): the construction of a character
  • 字体 (じたい, jitai): font or lettering
  • 字典 (じてん, jiten): character dictionary
  • 字母 (じぼ, jibo): letter (of the alphabet)
  • 漢字 (かんじ, kanji): Chinese characters
    漢字返し (kanji-gaeshi) kanji repeater
  • 文字 (もじ, moji): letter, character, or ideograph
  • 字引 (じびき, jibiki): dictionary
  • 数字 (すうじ, sūji): numeral or number

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Middle Chinese 字 with the southern pronunciation (kango, Go-on).

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji ji)

  1. a letter, character
    この () (なん) ()みますか?
    kono ji wa nan to yomimasuka?
    How do you pronounce this character?
  2. handwriting
    彼女 (かのじょ) ()上手 (うま)い。
    kanojo wa ji ga umai.
    She has good handwriting.

Counter[edit]

(hiragana , romaji -ji)

  1. letters, characters
    40字以内 (よんじゅうじいない) ()いてください。
    yon jū ji inai de kaite kudasai.
    Please write it down in 40 letters or fewer.

Etymology 2[edit]

Shortened form of あざな azana "a section of a village" of ancient Japanese origin (wago).

Noun[edit]

(hiragana あざ, romaji aza)

  1. a section of a village
Derived terms[edit]

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ja)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: ja, McCune-Reischauer: cha)
  • Name (hangeul): 글자()

Mandarin[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Pinyin (zi4), Wade-Giles tzu4)

Noun[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin )

  1. Chinese writing
  2. (Beginning Mandarin) Chinese character; Chinese characters
  3. -shaped
  4. (archaic) Chinese style name

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Middle Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Etymology[edit]

From Old Chinese (ʒəh).

Pronunciation[edit]

Han character[edit]

(*dzhiə̀)

Noun[edit]

(Baxter dziH)

  1. Chinese writing
  2. Chinese character; Chinese characters
  3. (archaic) Chinese style name

Descendants[edit]

  • Cantonese:
  • Mandarin: ()
  • Min Nan:

References[edit]


Min Nan[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(traditional and simplified, POJ or )

  1. Chinese writing
  2. Chinese character; Chinese characters
  3. (archaic) Chinese style name

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Old Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Noun[edit]

(ʒəh)

  1. Chinese writing
  2. Chinese character; Chinese characters
  3. Chinese style name

Verb[edit]

(ʒəh)

  1. to give birth (to lay an egg, in the case of a bird)
  2. to nurse
  3. to nurture
  4. to love
  5. to marry; to wed
  6. to educate

References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tự, chữ, tợ)

Readings[edit]

References[edit]

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển, Hà Nội, 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm, NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999

Compounds[edit]